Want to apply home automation in your house? If you do, you will need to know the basics of home automation design. By knowing the basics, you will be able to create a home automation design that fits your needs and taste. The end purpose is, of course, to make life easier and be as much energy-efficient as possible. To help you do so, here we will explain some of the basics of home automation design.
Before we start our home automation design guide, we would like to mention that home automation doesn’t necessarily include complicated things. A very simple thing, like dimming lights, is a part of home automation design too. Again, the aim is to make life easier and use energy efficiently. For that, you will need the right home automation design tools. Alright, let’s get to the basics now.
- Interface Type
The interface is the most crucial and basic requirement of a home automation design. It is the hardware and communication protocol which makes the interaction between the user and the devices possible. The interface type depends on many factors, such as the house size, range, system, and ease of use, among others.
If a user wants to interact and control the appliances using Bluetooth, a Bluetooth interface will be required. Accordingly, if the user wants to interact and control via the internet, the interface must be connected to the internet.
- Sensing Requirements
Next is sensing requirements. What kind of “sense” do you want to include in your home automation design? There are four sensor options available: thermistors, light, humidity, and gas.
Thermistors, these sensors are used to control the heating system, refrigerators, air conditioners and the like:
- Light sensors are used to detect the intensity of light in a house
- Humidity sensors are used to sense the environment’s moisture level
- Gas sensors are used to detect if there are any gas leaks in the house
Which one and the number of the sensor should be added will depend on what the user’s want to achieve. For example, if they want to have a house that can adjust the temperature, thermistors will be required.
- Security Level
The security level is of course also important in a home automation design. Security is a must as it prevents unauthorized users from gaining control of the entire system. At the very least, the security system should be able to prevent the most common types of intrusion.
Another important thing is that the components of the security system should be hidden. This is to prevent direct access by unauthorized users, which may turn the security system into a black box. It should also be able to encode data to prevent intruders from hacking the system.
Topology is how the control units of the home automation interact with each other. There are two common types of topology: central control unit (CCU) and mesh topology.
In a CCU topology, there is a single decision-maker (the CCU) which gives the command to the remote control units (RCUs)
In a mesh topology, there is no single decision-maker. Instead, each of the units is connected in a network and has enough capability and intelligence. The decision of each unit is based on the information that all of the units share in the network.
- Depth of Automation
Of course, the depth of automation will affect home automation design as well. The best automation design will be the one that is easy to use despite its internal complexity, secure, energy-efficient and has the right depth of automation for the user.
The above are home automation design basics. Having a proper design will make life easier for you while at the same time minimize energy usage. Knowing the basics make it easier for you to do that.
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